There are 3 main causes of damp - Rain Penetration (penetrating damp), Rising Damp and Condensation. It can be the case that more than one of these are affecting a property at any one time.
Condensation in our experience is probably the most common form of dampness in a property and can lead to physical damage to the interior and mould growth leading to unhealthy living conditions. It is caused by water vapour within a building and results in problems when combined with poor ventilation. Common sources may include cooking, bathing, dishwashing, drying clothes on radiators etc., hence it is often referred to as a lifestyle condition.
Rising Damp is the term applied to the physical, slow upward movement of moisture from ground level (or below) through a wall. It is caused by capillary action (the same as witnessed when a piece of paper is placed vertically into water and the water soaks up the paper).
Flaking paint, peeling wallpaper, a "musty" odour, and timber decay are among the most common symptoms of rising damp. Failure to treat rising damp properly can result in a house that is unpleasant to live in and difficult to sell.
As the name suggests this is where rain water (often driven by wind) can enter the fabric of a property causing interior damp. Penetrating damp is very common in the UK where wet and windy weather conditions are common.
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